edisto island 1663 to 1860 wild eden to cotton aristocracy definitive history

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Edisto Island 1663 To 1860

Author : Charles Spencer
ISBN : 9781625844569
Genre : Photography
File Size : 80. 42 MB
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Beautiful Edisto Island has not always been a vacationers’ haven in the South Carolina Lowcountry. Before European settlement, it was home to the Edisto Indians and a wide variety of wildlife. Author Charles Spencer chronicles Edisto’s history, from the early days when English and Scottish planters and their African slaves settled the lush island paradise and established plantations that flourished until the Civil War. Wild Eden to Cotton Aristocracy is an impeccably researched and superbly written must-read for all whose hearts call Edisto home.

Red White And Black Make Blue

Author : Andrea Feeser
ISBN : 9780820338170
Genre : History
File Size : 55. 8 MB
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Like cotton, indigo has defied its humble origins. Left alone it might have been a regional plant with minimal reach, a localized way of dyeing textiles, paper, and other goods with a bit of blue. But when blue became the most popular color for the textiles that Britain turned out in large quantities in the eighteenth century, the South Carolina indigo that colored most of this cloth became a major component in transatlantic commodity chains. In Red, White, and Black Make Blue, Andrea Feeser tells the stories of all the peoples who made indigo a key part of the colonial South Carolina experience as she explores indigo's relationships to land use, slave labor, textile production and use, sartorial expression, and fortune building. In the eighteenth century, indigo played a central role in the development of South Carolina. The popularity of the color blue among the upper and lower classes ensured a high demand for indigo, and the climate in the region proved sound for its cultivation. Cheap labor by slaves—both black and Native American—made commoditization of indigo possible. And due to land grabs by colonists from the enslaved or expelled indigenous peoples, the expansion into the backcountry made plenty of land available on which to cultivate the crop. Feeser recounts specific histories—uncovered for the first time during her research—of how the Native Americans and African slaves made the success of indigo in South Carolina possible. She also emphasizes the material culture around particular objects, including maps, prints, paintings, and clothing. Red, White, and Black Make Blue is a fraught and compelling history of both exploitation and empowerment, revealing the legacy of a modest plant with an outsized impact.

Edisto Island

Author : Amy S. Connor
ISBN : 0738517674
Genre : Travel
File Size : 34. 68 MB
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Great fortunes were once made on tiny Edisto Island, as nineteenth-century planters and their families farmed indigo and cotton. Although the ancient, oak-shaded path to Edisto is now a highway, the trees overhead remain draped with lush Spanish moss, luring travelers to another era. Proud of their preservation of the island, residents here strive to maintain a lifestyle that is close to nature and removed from the hustle and bustle of city life. This remarkable new photographic history features over 200 vintage images, many never before seen by the public. With photographs of the founding planters and their families, homes, landscapes and beach views, and intimate views of everyday life on Edisto plantations, this book gives us a glimpse of what the "island experience" was like through the years.

Encyclopedia Of African American History 3 Volumes

Author : Leslie M Alexander
ISBN : 9781851097746
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54. 42 MB
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A fresh compilation of essays and entries based on the latest research, this work documents African American culture and political activism from the slavery era through the 20th century. • Contributions from over 100 specialists on African America and the African diaspora • A spectacular selection of illustrations and photographs, such as a Kongo cosmogram, the African burial ground in New York City, and maps of the Triangular Trade and the Underground Railroad

Historical Dictionary Of The Reformed Churches

Author : Robert Benedetto
ISBN : 0810870231
Genre : Religion
File Size : 82. 21 MB
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As its name implies, the Reformed tradition grew out of the 16th century Protestant Reformation. The Reformed churches consider themselves to be the Catholic Church reformed. The movement originated in the reform efforts of Huldrych Zwingli (1484-1531) of Zurich and John Calvin (1509-1564) of Geneva. Although the Reformed movement was dependent upon many Protestant leaders, it was Calvin's tireless work as a writer, preacher, teacher, and social and ecclesiastical reformer that provided a substantial body of literature and an ethos from which the Reformed tradition grew. Today, the Reformed churches are a multicultural, multiethnic, and multinational phenomenon. The second edition of the Historical Dictionary of the Reformed Churches contains information on the major personalities, events, facts, movements, and beliefs of the Reformed churches. This is done through a list of acronyms and abbreviations, a chronology, an introductory essay, appendixes, a bibliography, and over 800 cross-referenced dictionary entries on leaders, personalities, events, facts, movements, and beliefs of the Reformed churches.

The Shadow Of Solomon The Lost Secret Of The Freemasons Revealed

Author : Laurence Gardner
ISBN : 9780007343560
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 68. 57 MB
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What secrets lie behind the mysterious order of the Freemasons? Published to coincide with Dan Brown's new novel, set in the enigmatic world of Freemasonry, Laurence Gardner's new book draws on his experience as a Freemason to create a compelling insider's account of the startling truth behind Masonic history and secret workings of Freemasonry.

Freemasonry Birth Mod Science Pb

Author :
ISBN : 1610595475
Genre :
File Size : 52. 20 MB
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Tis

Author : Frank McCourt
ISBN : 9780007205240
Genre : Ireland
File Size : 20. 69 MB
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FROM THE PULIZER PRIZE-WINNING AUTHOR OF THE #1 "NEW YORK TIMES" BESTSELLER "ANGELA'S ASHES" Frank McCourt's glorious childhood memoir, "Angela's Ashes, " has been loved and celebrated by readers everywhere. It won the National Book Critics Circle Award, the "Los Angeles Times" Book Award and the Pulitzer Prize. Rarely has a book so swiftly found its place on the literary landscape. And now we have "'Tis, " the story of Frank's American journey from impoverished immigrant to brilliant teacher and raconteur. Frank lands in New York at age nineteen and gets a job at the Biltmore Hotel, where he immediately encounters the vivid hierarchies of this "classless country," and then is drafted into the army and is sent to Germany to train dogs and type reports. It is Frank's incomparable voice that renders these experiences spellbinding. When Frank returns to America in 1953, he works on the docks, always resisting what everyone tells him. He knows that he should be getting an education, and though he left school at fourteen, he talks his way into New York University. There, he falls in love with the quintessential Yankee and tries to live his dream. But it is not until he starts to teach that Frank finds his place in the world.

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