fluid concepts and creative analogies computer models of the fundamental mechanisms of thought

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Fluid Concepts And Creative Analogies

Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
ISBN : 0786723319
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 67. 82 MB
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Readers of earlier works by Douglas Hofstadter will find this book a natural extension of his style and his ideas about creativity and analogy; in addition, psychologists, philosophers, and artificial-intelligence researchers will find in this elaborate web of ingenious ideas a deep and challenging new view of mind.

Fluid Concepts And Creative Analogies

Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
ISBN : 0140258353
Genre : Analogy
File Size : 70. 1 MB
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Hosftadter and his colleagues at The Fluid Analogies Research Group have developed computer models that help describe and explain human discovery, creation and analogical thought. The key issue of perception is investigated through the exploration of playful anagrams, number puzzles, word play and fanciful alphabetical styles, and the result is a survey of cognitive processes. This text presents the results.

Fluid Concepts Creative Analogies

Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
ISBN : 0465024750
Genre : Computers
File Size : 28. 10 MB
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Describes research projects in cognitive science over the past twenty years, and discusses arithmetical play, analogy, research evaluation, and creativity

Surfaces And Essences

Author : Douglas Hofstadter
ISBN : 9780465018475
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 50. 11 MB
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Shows how analogy-making pervades human thought at all levels, influencing the choice of words and phrases in speech, providing guidance in unfamiliar situations, and giving rise to great acts of imagination.

Metamagical Themas

Author : Douglas Hofstadter
ISBN : 9780786723867
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 62. 37 MB
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Hofstadter's collection of quirky essays is unified by its primary concern: to examine the way people perceive and think.

Learning To Learn

Author : Sebastian Thrun
ISBN : 9781461555292
Genre : Computers
File Size : 46. 13 MB
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Over the past three decades or so, research on machine learning and data mining has led to a wide variety of algorithms that learn general functions from experience. As machine learning is maturing, it has begun to make the successful transition from academic research to various practical applications. Generic techniques such as decision trees and artificial neural networks, for example, are now being used in various commercial and industrial applications. Learning to Learn is an exciting new research direction within machine learning. Similar to traditional machine-learning algorithms, the methods described in Learning to Learn induce general functions from experience. However, the book investigates algorithms that can change the way they generalize, i.e., practice the task of learning itself, and improve on it. To illustrate the utility of learning to learn, it is worthwhile comparing machine learning with human learning. Humans encounter a continual stream of learning tasks. They do not just learn concepts or motor skills, they also learn bias, i.e., they learn how to generalize. As a result, humans are often able to generalize correctly from extremely few examples - often just a single example suffices to teach us a new thing. A deeper understanding of computer programs that improve their ability to learn can have a large practical impact on the field of machine learning and beyond. In recent years, the field has made significant progress towards a theory of learning to learn along with practical new algorithms, some of which led to impressive results in real-world applications. Learning to Learn provides a survey of some of the most exciting new research approaches, written by leading researchers in the field. Its objective is to investigate the utility and feasibility of computer programs that can learn how to learn, both from a practical and a theoretical point of view.

I Am A Strange Loop

Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
ISBN : 9780465030781
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 39. 60 MB
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An original, endlessly thought-provoking, and controversial look at the nature of consciousness and identity argues that the key to understanding selves and consciousness is the "strange loop," a special kind of abstract feedback loop inhabiting our brains.

Artificial Intelligence And Literary Creativity

Author : Selmer Bringsjord
ISBN : 9781135692469
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 24. 49 MB
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Is human creativity a wall that AI can never scale? Many people are happy to admit that experts in many domains can be matched by either knowledge-based or sub-symbolic systems, but even some AI researchers harbor the hope that when it comes to feats of sheer brilliance, mind over machine is an unalterable fact. In this book, the authors push AI toward a time when machines can autonomously write not just humdrum stories of the sort seen for years in AI, but first-rate fiction thought to be the province of human genius. It reports on five years of effort devoted to building a story generator--the BRUTUS.1 system. This book was written for three general reasons. The first theoretical reason for investing time, money, and talent in the quest for a truly creative machine is to work toward an answer to the question of whether we ourselves are machines. The second theoretical reason is to silence those who believe that logic is forever closed off from the emotional world of creativity. The practical rationale for this endeavor, and the third reason, is that machines able to work alongside humans in arenas calling for creativity will have incalculable worth.

Brainchildren

Author : Daniel Clement Dennett
ISBN : 0262540908
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 62. 58 MB
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"Brainchildren" is a new collection of wide-ranging essays from one of cognitive science's most distinguished figures. This book brings together Dennett's essays on the philosophy of mind, artificial intelligence, and cognitive ethology that appeared in inaccessible journals from 1984 to 1996. Collected in a single volume, these compelling essays are now available to a wider audience.

Le Ton Beau De Marot

Author : Douglas R. Hofstadter
ISBN : 0465086454
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 86. 47 MB
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Analyzes the various translations of an obscure French poem to show the endless complexity of humans and their languages

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