jewish forced labor under the nazis economic needs and racial aims 1938 1944

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Jewish Forced Labor Under The Nazis

Author : Wolf Gruner
ISBN : 9780521838757
Genre : History
File Size : 59. 88 MB
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Abstract. - http://www3.openu.ac.il/ouweb/owal/new_books1.book_desc?in_mis_cat=111443.

The Jews Of Nazi Vienna 1938 1945

Author : Ilana Fritz Offenberger
ISBN : 9783319493589
Genre : History
File Size : 76. 76 MB
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This book examines Jewish life in Vienna just after the Nazi-takeover in 1938. Who were Vienna’s Jews, how did they react and respond to Nazism, and why? Drawing upon the voices of the individuals and families who lived during this time, together with new archival documentation, Ilana Offenberger reconstructs the daily lives of Vienna’s Jews from Anschluss in March 1938 through the entire Nazi occupation and the eventual dissolution of the Jewish community of Vienna. Offenberger explains how and why over two-thirds of the Jewish community emigrated from the country, while one-third remained trapped. A vivid picture emerges of the co-dependent relationship this community developed with their German masters, and the false hope they maintained until the bitter end. The Germans murdered close to one third of Vienna’s Jewish population in the “final solution” and their family members who escaped the Reich before 1941 chose never to return; they remained dispersed across the world. This is not a triumphant history. Although the overwhelming majority survived the Holocaust, the Jewish community that once existed was destroyed.

The Fascists And The Jews Of Italy

Author : Michael A. Livingston
ISBN : 9781107027565
Genre : History
File Size : 62. 96 MB
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From 1938 until 1943 - before the German occupation and accompanying Holocaust - Fascist Italy drafted and enforced a comprehensive set of anti-Semitic laws. Notwithstanding later rationalizations, the laws were enforced and administered with a high degree of severity and resulted in serious, and in some cases permanent, damage to the Italian Jewish community. Written from the perspective of an American legal scholar, this book constitutes the first truly comprehensive survey of the Race Laws in the English language. Based on an exhaustive review of Italian legal, administrative, and judicial sources, together with archives of the Italian Jewish community, Professor Michael A. Livingston demonstrates the zeal but also the occasional ambivalence and contradictions with which the Race Laws were applied and assimilated by the Italian legal order and ordinary citizens. Although frequently depressing, the history of the Race Laws also involves numerous examples of personal courage and idealism, and provides a useful and timely study of what happens when otherwise decent people are confronted with an evil and unjust legal order.

German Colonialism

Author : Volker Langbehn
ISBN : 9780231520546
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 43 MB
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More than half a century before the mass executions of the Holocaust, Germany devastated the peoples of southwestern Africa. While colonialism might seem marginal to German history, controversial new scholarship compares the acts of this period with Nazi practices on the Eastern and Western fronts. Examples of the most important research conducted on the "continuity thesis" over the past five years, the chapters in this anthology debate the connections between German colonialist activities and the behavior of Germany during World War II. Some argue that the country's domination of southwestern Africa gave rise to perceptions of racial difference and superiority at home, contributing to a nascent nationalism that blossomed into National Socialism and the Holocaust. Others remain skeptical, and both sides are well-represented. Contributors merge Germany's colonial past with debates over the country's identity and history and compare its colonial crimes with other European ventures. Issues discussed range from the denial or marginalization of German genocide to the place of colonialism and the Holocaust within Germany and Israel's postwar relations. Authors also compare the legacy of genocide in both Europe and Africa.

Legacies Of Dachau

Author : Harold Marcuse
ISBN : 0521552044
Genre : History
File Size : 82. 98 MB
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A unified interpretation of the historical, political and remembered culture of Dachau concentration camp, first published in 2001.

The Mennonite Quarterly Review

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105133698865
Genre : Mennonited
File Size : 85. 8 MB
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Racial Hygiene

Author : Robert Proctor
ISBN : 0674745787
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 19 MB
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Examines the participation of scientists and physicians in the construction of Nazi racial policy and discusses sterilization laws, euthanasia programs, public health policies, and the Holocaust

Quiet Genocide

Author : Etelle Higonnet
ISBN : 141281569X
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 38 MB
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Quiet Genocide reviews the legal and historical case that genocide occurred in Guatemala in 1981-1983. It includes the full text of the genocide section of a United Nations sponsored Commission on Historical Clarification in Guatemala (CEH), brokered by the UN. In its final report, the CEH's rigorously reviewed abuses throughout the whole country. However, the memory of the Guatemalan dirty war, which predated the genocide and continued for over a decade of the heightened killing, has rapidly faded from international awareness. The book renders a historical picture of the 1948 Genocide Convention and its unique status in international law. It reminds readers of the difficulty of preventing and punishing genocide as illustrated by the ongoing tragedy of Darfur; anddiscusses the evolution of international and hybrid tribunals to prosecute genocide along with war crimes and crimes against humanity. Then, it sketches a brief history of Guatemala with a focus on genocide It explores how internal and global politics were an expression of structural violence, designed to ensure cheap, abundant, and quiescent Indian labor for coffee planters.á The volume provides the commission's general considerations, legal definitions, methodology, period of analysis, and victim groups, and finds that genocide had been perpetrated against five indigenous Guatemalan groups. By translating the genocide argument of the CEH into English and framing it in a lively, accessible way, this volume recovers the past, sets the record straight, and promotes accountability. This exploratory effort provides insight into the world of transitional justice and truth commissions, and valuable insights about how to engage with the question of genocide in the future. These findings shed light on a crucial and dark chapter of trans-American Cold War history, and will thus be of interest not only to scholars focused on Guatemala, but also on Central America and even more broadly, on the Cold War.

Eradicating Differences

Author : Anton Weiss-Wendt
ISBN : IND:30000127029811
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 35 MB
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The eleven essays that comprise this book offer an integrated perspective on Nazi policies of mass murder. Drawing heavily on primary sources from European and American archives, the collection of essays provides novel interpretations of Nazi policies vis-á-vis ethnic, religious, and sexual minorities in the German-occupied territories, specifically Eastern Europe. The essays printed in this volume advance two main theses, drawing a line under the Functionalist-Intentionalist debate regarding the origins of Nazi genocide. In their dealing with the "lesser races," the Nazis proved more flexible and less single-minded than has been conventionally believed. Faced with what they saw as a temporary military setback, the Nazis were willing to renegotiate their murderous policies, granting certain concessions to the minority groups otherwise slated for destruction. In the long run, however, the Nazis never abandoned the ideology of racial exclusiveness, which had contributed to their ultimate defeat. Another thesis concerns the complex ethno-political landscape of Eastern Europe that came under Nazi domination. German occupation authorities encouraged ethnic rivalries and grievances, which trace back to the Austro-Hungarian and Russian Empires and beyond. Hobbesian war of all against all that had ensued made it easier for the Nazis to apply a divide-and-rule policy. It also provided a fertile ground for collaboration, specifically in the mass murder of Jews. The book will appear to both academic and non-academic audiences interested in the subjects as diverse as genocide, ethno-nationalism, and minority studies.

The Holocaust

Author : Jeremy Black
ISBN : STANFORD:36105131661543
Genre : Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)
File Size : 72. 89 MB
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The history of the Holocaust needs underlining in the face of continuing attempts to deny its veracity or scope. Adolf Hitler's determination to rid Europe, if not the World, of Jews and Jewish ideas in all their manifestations was central to the ultimate goal of establishing a thousand-year Reich. This book by Jeremy Black - Professor of History at the University of Exeter and one of the UK's leading historians - is written in response to the continuation of Holocaust denial and also because of the desperate need for a clear, concise history of the Holocaust.

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