nuts and bolts for the social sciences

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Nuts And Bolts For The Social Sciences

Author : Jon Elster
ISBN : 0521376068
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 46. 53 MB
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Describes common examples of irrational behavior, including wishful thinking, and shows how they can affect wage bargaining, voting, and court decisions

Explaining Social Behavior

Author : Jon Elster
ISBN : 9781316368565
Genre : Science
File Size : 53. 1 MB
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In this new edition of his critically acclaimed book, Jon Elster examines the nature of social behavior, proposing choice as the central concept of the social sciences. Extensively revised throughout, the book offers an overview of key explanatory mechanisms, drawing on many case studies and experiments to explore the nature of explanation in the social sciences; an analysis of the mental states - beliefs, desires, and emotions - that are precursors to action; a systematic comparison of rational-choice models of behavior with alternative accounts, and a review of mechanisms of social interaction ranging from strategic behavior to collective decision making. A wholly new chapter includes an exploration of classical moralists and Proust in charting mental mechanisms operating 'behind the back' of the agent, and a new conclusion points to the pitfalls and fallacies in current ways of doing social science, proposing guidelines for more modest and more robust procedures.

Geographic Information Systems For The Social Sciences

Author : Steven J. Steinberg
ISBN : 0761928731
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41. 57 MB
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Geographic Information Systems for the Social Sciences: Investigating Space and Place is the first book to take a cutting-edge approach to integrating spatial concepts into the social sciences. In this text, authors Steven J. Steinberg and Sheila L. Steinberg simplify GIS (Geographic Information Systems) for practitioners and students in the social sciences through the use of examples and actual program exercises so that they can become comfortable incorporating this research tool into their repertoire and scope of interest. The authors provide learning objectives for each chapter, chapter summaries, links to relevant Web sites, as well as suggestions for student research projects.

Sour Grapes

Author : Jon Elster
ISBN : 0521313686
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 77. 83 MB
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Sour Grapes aims to subvert orthodox theories of rational choice through the study of forms of irrationality. Dr Elster begins with an analysis of the notation of rationality, to provide the background and terms for the subsequent discussions, which cover irrational behaviour, irrational desires and irrational belief. These essays continue and complement the arguments of Jon Elster's earlier book, Ulysses and the Sirens. That was published to wide acclaim, and Dr Elster shows the same versatility here in drawing on philosophy, political and social theory, decision-theory, economics and psychology, as well as history and literature.

Evaluation Methodology Basics

Author : E. Jane Davidson
ISBN : 0761929304
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 84. 87 MB
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This book introduces evaluation by focusing on the main kinds of `big picture' questions that evaluations usually need to answer, and how the nature of such questions are linked to evaluation methodology choices. The author: shows how to identify the right criteria for your evaluation; discusses how to objectively figure out which criteria are more important than the others; and, delves into how to combine a mix of qualitative and quantitative data with `relevant values' (such as needs) to draw explicitly evaluative conclusions.

Clinical Practice Of Cognitive Therapy With Children And Adolescents

Author : Robert D. Friedberg
ISBN : 1572307234
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 51. 51 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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An ideal teaching text or practitioner reference, this book offers a complete introduction to doing cognitive therapy with children and adolescents. A systematic yet flexible approach to case conceptualization and treatment planning is presented. The authors review the essentials of orienting children and families to cognitive therapy, structuring each session, and implementing commonly used cognitive and behavioral techniques. Concluding chapters describe strategies for addressing specific clinical problems: depression, anxiety, and disruptive behavior.

Securities Against Misrule

Author : Jon Elster
ISBN : 9781107031739
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 58 MB
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It is often argued that democratic institutions should be designed to produce good outcomes, assuming that we know what good outcomes are and which institutions will track them. This book denies both assumptions. The idea of the general interest is ill-defined and our understanding of social causality is fragile. Instead, one should reduce as much as possible the impact of self-interest, passion, prejudice, and bias on the decision makers, and then let the chips fall where they may. In addition to making novel theoretical proposals, this book discusses a welter of case studies and historical episodes.

Ulysses Unbound

Author : Jon Elster
ISBN : 0521665612
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 81. 31 MB
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This volume argues that people may benefit from being constrained in their options or from being ignorant. The three essays that constitute this book revise and expand the ideas developed in Jon Elster's study "Ulysses and the Sirens". The author aims to show how seemingly disparate examples which limit freedom of action reveal similar patterns, so much so that he proposes a new field of study: constraint theory.

Fact And Method

Author : Richard W. Miller
ISBN : 0691020450
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 37. 88 MB
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In this bold work of broad scope and rich erudition, Richard W. Miller sets out to reorient the philosophy of science. By questioning both positivism and its leading critics, he develops new solutions to the most urgent problems about justification, explanation and truth. Using a wealth of examples from the the natural and the social sciences, "Fact and Method" applies the new account of scientific reason to specific questions of method in virtually every field of inquiry including biology, physics, history, sociology, anthropology, economics, psychology and literary theory. For the past quarter-century, the philosophy of science has been in a crisis brought on by the failure of the positivist project of resolving all basic methodological questions by applying absolutely general rules, valid for all fields at all times. "Fact and Method" presents a new view of science in which what counts as an explanation, a cause, a confirming test or a compelling case for the existence of an unobservable is determined by frameworks of specific substantive principles, rationally adopted in light of the actual history of inquiry. Although the history of science has usually been the material for relativism, Professor Miller uses arguments of Darwin, Newton, Einstein, Galileo and others both to undermine positivist conceptions of rationality and to support the positivists' optimism that important theoretical findings are often justifiable from all reasonable perspectives. "Fact and Method" includes new accounts of causation, explanatory adequacy, approximate truth and confirmation, together with a defense of scientific realism freed from the positivist assumptions that Professor Miller locates on both sides of the realism controversy. Throughout, the new philosophical ideas are applied to specific topics confronting social scientists or natural scientists, for example: value-freedom, methodological individualism, functional explanation, the nature of evolutionary theory, and the scope of statistical inference. In a long final chapter, Miller uses the new notions of causation, confirmation and meaning to defend a realist, yet radically anti-classical, interpretation of quantum physics. The explicit and up-to-date analysis of the leading alternative views, the clear explanations of technical and historical issues, and the wealth of examples makes "Fact and Method" an ideal introduction to the philosophy of science, as well as a powerful attempt to change the field. Like the works of Hempel, Reichenbach, and Nagel in an earlier generation, "Fact and Method" will challenge, instruct, and help anyone with an interest in science and its limits.

Making Sense Of Marx

Author : Jon Elster
ISBN : 0521297052
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 50. 3 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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A critical examination of the social theories of Karl Marx.

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